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Title:GENERAL DE GAULLE ADDRESSES THE PEOPLE OF BAYEUX (PART 1) [Allocated Title]
Film Number:A70 45-1
Description: After leaving the Sous-Préfecture, General de Gaulle arrives at the central park in Bayeux where a large crowd has gathered to hear him speak; recognisable among his political and military associates present at the occasion are General Koenig, M Vienot, M Coulet, M Palewski, Colonel Chandon (?), Colonel de Chevigne (?), Admiral d'Argenlieu and General Bethouart. Maurice Schumann, a Free French radio-announcer and Gaullist master of ceremonies in Bayeux, introduces de Gaulle to small children on hand to present bouquets and to various adults in the crowd; Colonel Chandon (?) takes the flowers from de Gaulle, whose public manner is stiff and awkward. De Gaulle addresses the crowd, using incisive chopping arm movements to emphasise he is making in his speech. The cameraman scans the audience, including two self- consciously heroic-looking French youths. On completing his address, de Gaulle and his associates leave the park, pausing when the Marseillaise is played. The crowd gathers round his jeep before he sets off for Isigny in 1st US Army's sector of the Normandy beachhead.
Production Details: Directorate of Public Relations, War Office (Production sponsor)
Army Film and Photographic Unit (Production company)
Parkinson (Sergeant) (Production individual)
Personalities, Units and Organisations: Bethouart, Marie Emile Antoine (person)
Chandon (Colonel) (person)
De Chevigne (Colonel) (person)
D'Argenlieu, Georges Thierry (person)
Gaulle, Charles André Joseph Marie de (person)
Koenig, Pierre (person)
Coulet, Francois (person)
Palewski, Gaston (person)
Vienot, Pierre (person)
Schumann, Maurice (person)
Free French Forces (regiment/service)
Keywords: arts, French - music: Marseillaise (object name)
ceremonies, French - event-related: speech by General de Gaulle (object name)
delegations, French national - goodwill: de Gaulle visits Bayeux (object name)
transport, United States military - light utility: jeep & [French] (object name)
Bayeux, Calvados, France (geography)
Notes: Summary: see with A70 45-2 to 5, 46-11 for footage showing de Gaulle's visit to Normandy and with A70 34-1, 40-1, 46-10, 49-1 and 2, 57-11 for ciné material showing other VIPs - Churchill, HM King George VI - paying similar visits. The identity of one or two of de Gaulle's entourage is speculative. M Vienot, the Foreign Minister in the Free French government, died in July 1944.
Remarks: while the cameraman had problems in getting the right aperture setting to cope with the poor lighting within the park and the brightness of the light filtering through the trees, this footage and the items of ciné material listed above constitute good coverage of what was effectively a coup d'état by de Gaulle who succeeded in pre-empting the creation of an Allied military government in France.
Documentation/associated material: for a text of de Gaulle's speech, read 'De Gaulle' by Aidan Crawley p 20 and 'De Gaulle before Paris' by Robert Aron.