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Other titles:THE ENCHANTED CIRCLE [Translation]
GERMAN SUBMARINE U-35 IN 1917 (ledger title) [Alternative Title]
Summary: A record of a voyage by the U-35 from 31 March to 5 May 1917, sinking merchant ships in the Mediterranean and Eastern Atlantic. Titles identify the ships and their cargoes and emphasise the bloodless nature of the submarine's victories.
Description: (Reel 1) U-35 leaves Cattaro. Armed steamer Parkgate shelled and sunk, then boilers explode. Meeting another U-Boat. Maplewood surrenders before being torpedoed. Cleaning guns. Checking papers of neutral Spanish Asuarca, allowed to proceed. India boarded by destruction party and sunk. (Reel 2) Schooner Miss Morris sinking after crew have abandoned her. Lifting large turtles aboard the U-35. Armed steamer Stromboli boarded by destruction party, Shelled and sunk. Sunrise off Algiers; bearings taken from sun. Patagonia sinks. U-Boat crew on deck. Through heavy seas. Corfu shelled and sunk. (Reel 3) Sinking of Brisbane River. Kapitänleutnant de la Perière examines Lloyd's Register. Crew of U-35 bathe in Atlantic. View of rocky coastline and sinking ship. Five captured English captains taking morning stroll on deck of U-35. Nentmoor armed with dummy gun shelled and sunk. Wireless message to Admiralty announcing return and ships sunk. Meeting cruiser Helgoland. Entering Bay of Cattaro with a pennant flying for each victory. Officer of Austro-Hungarian Navy offers congratulations. Kapitänleutnant de la Perière off U-35. Crew open letters from home. Closing images of submarine sailing into the sunset [sunrise ?] and of the naval ensign.
Physical Characteristics: Colour format: B&W (Tinted)
Sound format: Silent
Soundtrack language: None
Title language: German
Subtitle language: German & English
Technical Details: Format: 35mm
Number of items/reels/tapes: 3
Running time: 45 mins
Notes: Currently available for viewing on IWM websites (Sept 2012) however for copyright reasons copies may not be downloaded. Restoration/publication: this film was the subject of an IWMFVA restoration project, with funding from the European Lumiere Project, in the 1990s. In addition to providing the most complete and best available version of the pictorial content with reference to material from several other archives, the restoration replicated the colour tinting and toning effects of the original print and generated new intertitles (see below). The results were published by Lloyd's Register on behalf of the Museum in 2000, as a video with accompanying booklet, under the combined title "First World War U-Boat". As well as this film, the video includes the later British adaptation, the EXPLOITS OF A GERMAN SUBMARINE... (IWM 560), with music for both films specially commissioned from Ian Lynn. The booklet includes a detailed shotlist, as well as a number of historical essays about the films and their context, and several contemporary reviews
Title: the original title is confirmed (and explained, rather surprisingly, as a quotation from Winston Churchill) by contemporary German reviews.
Production: originally catalogued as a Messter film, because of markings on the print; however, contemporary reviews and subsequent research all confirm BUFA. Hans Brennert is described in some reviews as having "taken care of production", although his precise role is probably that of intertitle writer. The cameraman is named as Loeser in Hans Barkhausen, "Filmpropaganda für Deutschland in Ersten und Zweiten Weltkrieg".
Languages: the original intertitles were trilingual - German, French and Ottoman Turkish written in Arabic script. The identity of the third language was confirmed in 1997 by Professor Dr Tuncoku of Ankara (via Nigel Steel, Department of Documents). These have been replaced on the IWMFVA's restored print by new titles in German only, with English subtitles.