EVACUATION OF "SPECIAL FORCE" MULES AND MEN BY WATERBORNE CRAFT MADE ESPECIALLY FOR THE OCCASION [Allocated Title]
- Title: EVACUATION OF "SPECIAL FORCE" MULES AND MEN BY WATERBORNE CRAFT MADE ESPECIALLY FOR THE OCCASION [Allocated Title]
- Film Number: JFU 126
- Other titles: BRITISH ARMY OPERATIONS IN SOUTH EAST ASIA DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR [Allocated Series Title]
- Summary: In the aftermath of the second Chindit operation men, mules and eqiuipment are evacuated from around Kamaing, the Mogaung Valley, Pyindaw and Taungni, Kachin State, Burma.
- Description: British soldiers of 77th Brigade, 3rd Indian Division in bush hats board a raft as others on board wait. Two small boats lashed together and full of men use an outboard motor to make their way across the river between Warazup and Kamaing. A large, flat raft crewed by five men ties up alongside a similar craft. A mule is pulled - rather unwillingly - onto the raft and is followed by another. The raft with four mules aboard makes for the opposite bank. More mules are loaded. A close-up of the name of the raft it reads "Revenge". The raft with five mules on board moves off. A small Burmese child, held by her mother, has her eye swabbed. The mother receives the same treatment as does an older child. The whole family sit and watch the treatment. A brigade command conference takes place. All the British commanders have beards. They are Colonel A H G Ricketts, Colonel P M Hughes, Lieutenant-Colonel Gordon Upjohn, Major G A Mainprize, Major H Miles and they are joined by an American liaison officer with the Chinese Corps of Artillery supporting the Chindits, Colonel T N Dupuy. Close-up of a West African soldier of Nigerian Regiment (3rd West African Brigade) on a stretcher on the ground. Another African soldier on the ground. Another African soldier lies with his arm bandaged and in a sling. An ambulance arrives along a rough road. An African stretcher case is carried to the ambulance; he is lifted from his improvised bamboo stretcher onto a proper one and put into the ambulance. One of the men lifting him wears an American uniform and the stripes of a Sergeant First Class. Another man is loaded onto the ambulance. The doors are closed and it drives off. 22 July 1944, in the Pyindaw-Taungni area. A mule is prepared for an operation (after being hit by a shell fragment in the eye, in order to save the other eye, the damaged one must be removed). The mule is given an anaesthetic and is helped to the ground. Close-up of its head being held still. Cleaning the side of the head for the operation. Close-up of instruments in a bath of antiseptic solution. Various shots of the operation as clamps are added and incisions made. The surgeon, Captain R Lake of Royal Army Veterinary Corps, uses his finger to explore the eye socket. The eyeball is cut out and a dressing is placed over the wound. A Douglas Dakota transport plane flies over and drops supplies; the cameraman follows the supplies to the ground where they are gathered up. More supplies are dropped. Another Dakota flies over and drops sacks without parachutes. A field is littered with parachutes and supplies. Soldiers gather them up. A Dakota makes a low pass over a muddy road and drops more supplies. Four African troops pick up a supply package and help to get it onto the head of one of the men; he carries a large machete. Close-up of a machete being used to cut through parachute cords. Another pack is put onto a soldiers' head. Three men carry parcels. The supplies are piled up. Bread is taken out of a wicker basket. Supply sacks are put onto the back of a mule. The mule is lead away.
- Access Conditions: IWM Attribution: © IWM
- Featured Period: 1939-1945
- Production Date: 1944-07-14
- Production Country: GB
- Production Details: War Office Directorate of Public Relations (Production sponsor) SEAC Film Unit (Production company) Miller, E E (Production individual)
- Personalities, Units and Organisations: Ricketts, Abdy Henry Gough (person) Hughes, Patrick Malcolm (person) Upjohn, Gordon Farleigh (person) Mainprize, G A (person) Miles, H (person) Dupuy, Trevor Nevitt (person) Indian Army, Royal Indian Army Service Corps (regiment/service) British Army, Royal West African Frontier Force, Nigeria Regiment (regiment/service) British Army, 3rd West African Brigade (Chindits) (regiment/service) Indian Army, 3rd Indian Division (Chindits) (regiment/service) Indian Army, 77th Indian Infantry Brigade (Chindits) (regiment/service) British Army, Royal Army Veterinary Corps (regiment/service)
- Keywords: Kamaing, Burma (geography) Pyindaw, Burma (geography) Taungni, Burma (geography) Chindits 1944, Burma 1942-1945, Second World War (event) Special Forces 1939-1945 (theme) Burma 1942-1945 (theme) British Army 1939-1945 (theme)
- Physical Characteristics: Colour format: B&W Sound format: Silent
- Technical Details: Format: 35mm Number of items/reels/tapes: 1 Footage: 717 ft; Running time: 8 mins
- Notes: By the end of June 1944 77th Brigade (Brigadier Calvert) had been in Burma for 16 weeks and having been subjected to a constant attrition of disease, malnutrition and death and wounds in combat was approaching total exhaustion. They began to move towards Warazup, from where they would be flown out to India, on 7 July 1944. 3rd West African Brigade was flown out from Myitkyina on 17-18 August 1944. Mules are presumed to be from Royal Indian Army Service Corps. For film of the training and veterinary treatment of mules, see related items. The men in this film are listed on the dopesheet as: Colonel A H G Ricketts of Camberley Colonel P M Hughes of Henley-on-Thames Lieutenant-Colonel C F Upjohn of Henfield Major G A Mainprize of East Yorkshire Major H Miles of Walsall They are joined by an American liaison officer with the Chinese Corps of Artillery supporting the Chindits, Colonel T N Dupuy of Bronxville, New York. 'Taungni' is spelled 'Taungui' on the dopesheet, but this is likely to be an error.
- Link to IWM Collections page:
Related IWM Collections Objects:
JFU 149 (MULES FOR THE BURMA FRONT [Allocated Title])