- Title: THE RISE OF THE NSDAP [Main Title]
- Film Number: FOY 3
- Other titles: THE NAZI PLAN [Alternative Title]
- Summary: Compilation of German film covering the history of the Third Reich used as prosecution evidence at the Nuremberg War Crimes Trial.
- Description: Reel 1. Actuality film is preceded by affidavit (written and spoken) sworn by USNR Commander E P Kellogg before USNR Commander James B Donovan in Berlin on 15 November 1945 that "On May 1 1945 it became my official duty to locate and compile on behalf of US Chief of Counsel photographic evidence to be used in the prosecution of major Axis war criminals. Under my command military and naval units have located prints of official German newsreels and other official German film. Motion picture which follows was compiled exclusively of extracts of the German originals, except for the titles in English which have been inserted. The images have not been retouched, distorted or otherwise altered in any respect and are true copies of the original now held in US custody." PART 1. THE RISE OF THE NSDAP 1921-1933. "Alfred Rosenberg describes the early Nazi struggles for power." Rosenberg, seated in office and wearing uniform, speaks to camera, recalling early cooperation with Dietrich Eckart, Kapp Putsch, meeting Hitler through Eckart, taking over from Eckart as editor of the Völkischer Beobachter, and Beer-hall Putsch. Brief film shots show Communist headline, brigades along street, young Goebbels addressing crowd, headline in his Berlin evening paper Der Angriff, Hitler entering hall, Goebbels at microphone, crowds passing Ausstellung Barcelona sign, police dispersing crowds in early 1920s with Café Raimund visible, fighting inside hall with chairs and baton-wielding police (feature film, "Hans Westmar" ?), Vorwärts headline on Hitler's arrest and removal to Landsberg, headline calling for reconstruction of Nazi Party, hand allegedly filling in Hitler's membership card giving profession as writer and date 21 March 1925, Brownshirts passing through town, NSDAP sign on door to office where Goebbels is writing before picking up phone, Italian telegram announcing that university Fascists will be represented at Nuremberg NS Deutscher Studentenbund by Santoni, signed Maltini. Dr Santoni in morning coat and NSS Bund Reichsführer von Schirach emerge from building together at Congress, and unidentified delegates, not all in brownshirts, arrive saluting in Nuremberg for Party Rally in August 1927. Titled film of Rally continues with film of Brownshirts walking along country road holding banner marked "Berlin-Nuremberg Walk July-August. Despite the ban, not dead", Hitler standing with Hess, Gauleiter Julius Streicher of Franconia, much bemedalled Hauptmann von Pfeffer, same banner through town, Hitler saluting informally and grinning, flag ceremony with Hitler and Hess, Streicher standing in front of Reichsparteitag banner, Hitler welcoming delegates who include some not in uniform though respectably dressed, Hitler and Hess departing by car, parade on Luitpoldhain and comment in Fränkisch-Kurier of 22 August 1927, Hitler standing nervously before speaking to his followers proclaiming "Germany's freedom will arise again, just as the people and fatherland will arise again, stronger than ever", Hitler taking salute from car at marchpast by SA, with Hess, von Pfeffer and Streicher in front row. 1929 Rally shows another SA marchpast in Nuremberg, Hitler in a car through crowds, and Goebbels, Rosenberg, General Ritter von Epp in helmet and Goering all visible, Hitler throwing banners to SA who catch them. Autumn 1932 Reichstag elections: Hitler speaking at Nuremberg, Der Angriff and Vorwärts campaign headlines, Hitler in car. Rosenberg continues his historical summary of the NSDAP, recalling move to Berlin in 1933 after fourteen years struggle in Bavaria over film of Hitler and Hess emerging from Hindenburg's (?) residence, Hitler's assumption of power on 30 January 1933 over film of SA torch procession, his own nomination as head of the Party Office for Foreign Politics and in charge of Party ideological matters. Hindenburg and Hitler appear at the Reichs Chancellory window at night time. Der Angriff headline of 11 February reports Hitler's Sportpalast speech of 10 February before film of actual event (English title incorrectly states "Hitler's first speech as Chancellor, 30 January 1933"), with Hitler speaking against crimes of past from which lessons must be learnt if Germans are to overcome their impoverishment, Horst Wessel anthem and banner parade. "Goering named Prussian Minister of Interior by Hitler, outlines his programme, February 1933." Goering seated at desk speaks to camera promising to remove from office reds who are stifling national aspirations and expressing his determination to make Prussia the strongest and foremost bastion of Germany. "Election day in Bavaria, 5 March 1933." Völkischer Beobachter headline "With Adolf Hitler for a new Reich" and Nazi Münchner Post of 5 March 1933; Nazi election poster; SA torchlight parade and band; exterior of Münchner Post and SA Heim Sturm 16L guarded by armed SA, standing in Holzstrasse; SA man machine gun outside Trade Union building in Munich with SS also present. "Election day in Berlin, 5 March 1933." President Hindenburg emerges from a polling booth, followed by his son Oskar and latter's wife (?); Vice-Chancellor von Papen at polling station answers request for comment by saying "This election will be of decisive importance for Germany and the world". Völkischer Beobachter headlines Hitler's victory. "Meeting of Reichstag at which Hitler and his cabinet receive plenary powers of legislation, 24 March 1933" (actually 23 March). Hitler declares in Reichstag "the economy exists not for capital, but capital serves the economy and the economy the people" to loud cheers (passage does not appear in Domarus' record of occasion). PART 2. ACQUIRING TOTALITARIAN CONTROL OF GERMANY, 1933-39. "Opening of the official anti-Semitic campaign, 1 April 1933." Goebbels in suit addresses outdoor crowd, speaking of machinations of Jews in Paris, London and New York. One member of crowd holds up Nationalsozialistische Betriebszellenorganisation placard. Tracking shot follows Brownshirts in truck with placard "Germans! Defend yourselves! Don't buy from Jews!", as same slogan is chanted on soundtrack. Truck passes Bata shoe shop and U-bahn entrance (ie Berlin). Sign "Beware! Kosher!" and Star of David are painted on shop windows, plus a death's head with warning "Beware Jews!". Cafe Unter den Linden. Anti-Semitic signs are placed outside other shops, including a shoe shop and restaurant. Angry exchange between SA man and civilian (shop owner?). Another sign reads "The Jewish owners of the 5 pfennig shop are parasites and grave-diggers of the German working class quarter. They pay starvation wages to the German workers. The proprietor is the Jew Nathan Schmidt". Brownshirts shout "Wehrt Euch!" slogan to camera from back of truck. "Foreign press conference, April 1933." (actually Union of German foreign press, 6 April 1933). Goebbels in dark suit at podium reads speech declaring that the national revolution which broke out on 30 January is an event of elemental importance which came as a surprise only to people out of touch with their time, a revolution which will overflow into every aspect of German life. Hitler in dark suit then speaks, recalling the violence done to Germany since November 1918 and the determined suppression of "national elements" in the same period. "The burning of the books, 10 May 1933." Newsreel report describes burning of un-German and immoral books in university towns by German students over film of bonfire in Berlin's Opernplatz. Students bearing Nazi flags march past fire, throwing on books. Goebbels in raincoat speaks to night-time gathering of youth, declaring "the era of footling Jewish intellectualism is now over" and that the burning is a great symbolic act for all the world to see. Students then sing "Deutschland verwehrt!". "Christening of new great German aircraft in presence of Cabinet members." Goering in formal attire declares "German industriousness, German labour, German invention and German organisation have given here new proof of their unique force and strength. Hindenburg's name is today famous throughout the whole world" before christening the four-engine plane after the President. Von Papen and other ministers are present. "Reichstag address on disarmament, 17 May 1933." Hitler at podium declares "in the name of the German government and the German people. Germany has disarmed and has fulfilled way beyond the limits of all reasonableness and sense the conditions imposed on her in the Peace Treaty". "Youth meeting in Thuringia, 18 June 1933." Hitler addresses huge open-air gathering of SA (not youth meeting) at Ehrfurt, declaring that in four months his government has already reduced the unemployed by 1.2 million and that they will not rest until their goal (ie full employment) is reached. "Swastika becomes a national symbol, 9 July 1933." Hitler declares to a huge SA gathering in Dortmund that the Party flag has become a symbol of the German Reich. Röhm (?) stands by his side. "Fifth Party Congress, September 1933." Hitler, followed by Hess, Ley and Streicher, approaches platform in Nuremberg Stadium and addresses huge crowd of followers, declaring "the most precious thing on earth is one's own people, and for these people we want to speak, fight, never tire nor adjourn nor give up hope". "Inauguration at Frankfurt am Main of new section of the super-highway net-work, 23 September 1933." Autobahn workers march past with shovels raised, singing before intoning the national anthem, at site of first autobahn linking Frankfurt to Heidelberg. Hitler, with Hoffmann taking pictures and Hierl behind, declares his commitment to the German worker: "before many years pass a gigantic work will bear testimony to your service, industry, skill and determination. German labourers! To work!" "Over radio net-work Hess administers oath of allegiance to more than one million leaders of the NSDAP and all affiliated organisations, 25 February 1934." Hess, outside the Party Building in Munich's Königsplatz , with Ley and von Schirach behind, leads assembled gathering in oath to Hitler, which they repeat. "Hess reaffirms Hitler's faith in SA after Röhm Purge." Newsreel item introduces speech by Hess at Königsberg to camera: "I am warning with as much seriousness as I warned at the time of my Cologne speech those who played with the idea of a second revolution. Just as the old SA man stands loyal to his Führer, so the Führer stands loyal to his old SA man". Now follow long extracts from TRIUMPH DES WILLENS: Hierl presents Reichsarbeitsdienst men with shovels to Führer, "Kamerad, woher stammst du?", Hitler addresses RAD men, Lutze addresses SA men at night, von Schirach presents Hitler Youth to Führer who addresses them. (End of Reel 1) R 2. 1935. "Von Schirach urges Hitler Youth to follow principles of Mein Kampf." Von Schirach addresses night-time gathering, declaring that Hitler Youth's fight is also Hitler's fight for Germany. Ceremony ends with HJ song. "Goering announces rearmament of Germany, March 1935." Goering speaks to camera, over montage of military scenes, including Mölders in cockpit (taken from 1940 compilation SOLDATEN VON MORGEN ?). "Seventh Party Congress, 10-16 September 1935." At unique session of Reichstag held in hall of Nuremberg Culture Union building on 15 September, Hitler speaks against Lithuania's theft of Memelland, then Goering as President of Reichstag speaks, with Frick and Hess visible. Hitler's car drives through Nuremberg. On 14 September Hitler addresses Hitler Youth in Stadium, with Schirach at his side, describing ideal German youth of future as "swift as a greyhound, tough as leather and hard as Krupp steel". Youths then sing "Vater unseres Land". Hitler watches military manoeuvres at Zeppelinwiese on 16 September. On 10 September he is presented with a copy of an old Imperial German sword at a ceremony in the Nuremberg Town Hall. "Reception for Prime Minister Gömbös of Hungary, 28 September 1935." Gömbös in suit inspects guard of honour. Hungarian next stands in informal group, probably outside Goering's residence Karinhall, with Goering, Minister of Economics Schacht and Emmy Goering. Gömbös speaks to camera saying that he is honoured to be having talks in Germany and that the fate of Hungary and Germany were linked in the past and hopes that for the sake of peace they will be linked in the future too. (End of Reel 2)
- Access Conditions: IWM Attribution: © IWM
- Featured Period: 1939-1945
- Production Date: 1945
- Production Country: United States of America
- Production Details: US Chief of Counsel (Production sponsor) Kellogg, E P (Production individual)
- Personalities, Units and Organisations:
- Physical Characteristics: Colour format: B&W Sound format: Sound Soundtrack language: German Title language: English Subtitle language: None
- Technical Details: Format: 16mm Number of items/reels/tapes: 5
- Notes: Remarks: only the first two reels (out of five) have been catalogued.
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