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Summary: Operation 'Charnwood' is preceded by a 467-bomber raid on the northern outskirts of Caen between 9.30 and 10.30pm on July 7 1944.
Description: Two RAF Lancasters fly above bursting flak shells towards their target. Twinkling brightly, marker (?) incendiaries dropped by pathfinders (?) appear to drift slowly onto their target. Flying at different altitudes, more Bomber Command four-engined bombers pass overhead. The cameraman observes haze from fires in Caen appearing over trees at the edge of the field where he is filming.
Production Details: Directorate of Public Relations, War Office (Production sponsor)
Army Film and Photographic Unit (Production company)
Collins (Sergeant) (Production individual)
Personalities, Units and Organisations: Royal Air Force (regiment/service)
Keywords: aircraft, British - combat: Avro Lancaster (object name)
combat, British - air raid (object name)
destruction, French military - area: bomb (object name)
Operation Charnwood 1944, North West Europe, Second World War (event)
Caen, Calvados, France (geography)
Notes: Summary: see with A70 71-3, 4, 5, 9, 73-1 to 4, 74-2, 3, 75-2 to 5, 76-1, 3, 77-2 to 4, 6, 8 for footage showing 3rd Division in action during 'Charnwood'. Though the raid was accurately delivered, the damage done to the German defences in Caen was slight, largely because of Air Chief Marshal 'Bomber' Harris' insistence of a 6000 yard safety margin beyond 1st Corps' forward positions.
Remarks: best seen with the items of ciné material listed above, notably A70 72-8 whose part I contains complementary footage.
Documentation/associated material: in addition to the publications listed in A70 71-3, read 'Caen: Anvil of Victory' by Alexander McKee and 'The Victory campaign' by Colonel Stacey, the Canadian Army's official historian.