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Other titles:AMPHIBIOUS WARFARE [Alternative Title]
Summary: Step-by-step guide to procedure when beaching.
Description: Reel One. Characteristics of the LST. Final beaching preparations are begun 12 hours before the operation: decks are cleared so that the tanks are secured by chains alone, and ventilation intakes are opened and exhaust fans started so that crews can man the vehicles and test engines. During the checks, a fire watch is posted and the carbon monoxide alarm is manned. Traffic control system tested and if all is well the decks are closed up. Three hours before beaching the ship goes to General Quarters and the ship trimmed for beaching. Reel Two. The order is given to complete preparations for beaching: auxiliary diesel is started to provide electric power, all generators cut in, and bow doors and ramp undogged. Thirty minutes before beaching the beaching alarm is sounded and the ship goes to Condition One Mike. Ventilators are started, the tanks unchained and their engines started. Any extra gasoline drums are jettisoned, and the elevator and anchor readied. Soundings are taken 1/2 a mile from the beach, and bow doors are opened just before reaching the departure line. Reel Three. Ramp lowered to about 6 feet above the water level and the stern anchor let go about 2-1/2 lengths from the beach. The actual moment of hitting the beach is quite dramatic - it is done at a fair rate of knots and the beach is obviously quite steep for an considerable wave is thrown up which sends spectators on shore scurrying before it. The ramp is dropped and disembarkation begins. Rudder, engines and stern winch are all used to maintain the LST at a right angle to the beach while disembarkation is in progress. Ballast is adjusted to keep the ship by the bow as it lightens. The engines are used to drive the ship forward into the sand - for this the anchor must be slacked off but enough tension maintained to keep the ship at 90 degrees to the beach. Once the main deck has been cleared, the elevator is readied for use to unload the upper deck.
Production Country: United States of America
Production Details: US Atlantic Fleet, Amphibious Force, Landing Craft Group (Production sponsor)
Photographic Science Laboratory, Naval Air Station, Anacostia, DC (Production company)
Personalities, Units and Organisations: United States Navy & LST 28 (regiment/service)
Keywords: ships, United States naval - amphibious: LST 28 (object name)
Physical Characteristics: Colour format: B&W
Sound format: Sound
Soundtrack language: English
Title language: English
Subtitle language: None
Technical Details: Format: 35mm
Number of items/reels/tapes: 3
Footage: 2509 ft; Running time: 28 mins